Photograph of some students at the Mechanical Engineering Faculty at the ORT school in Kaunas. This photograph includes three students, named from left to right: Shapiro, Korn, Sieff. The ORT (Obchestvo Remeslenogo Truda - Association for the Promotion of Skilled Trades) refers to an organisation created by Russian Jews in 1880, in response to a government-mandated relocation of Jews to the Pale of Settlement. Conditions in the Pale were poor, with widespread lack of education, poverty, pervasive Antisemitism, and lack of economic opportunity due to legal exclusion of Jews as well as the borderzone location of the Pale that disadvantaged Jews. As a result, Jews established a trade school to educate themselves in vocational training for skilled trades. This organization was later expanded to Eastern European territories (including Lithuania), and continued in ghettoes until their liquidation. [Source: https://tinyurl.com/y7garhud].